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ADHD Explained: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, more commonly known as ADHD, is a common condition that primarily affects children. Believed to impact up to 10 percent of school age children, this condition can carry on into adulthood. Learn more about what ADHD is as well as its symptoms and available treatment options below.

What is ADHD?

ADHD is characterized by difficulties concentrating and impulsive behaviors. Sufferers may struggle with focusing on tasks at hand, get frustrated easily, and may make impulsive decisions or display severe behaviors as a result. ADHD can interrupt a child or adults home life and can impact their obligations, such as school and work. While there is no cure for ADHD and scientists still remain uncertain as to why the condition develops in the first place, treatment options are available to help manage the symptoms.

Symptoms of ADHD

ADHD has many symptoms that are not entirely specific to it. This means that it can be difficult to diagnose and may be confused with other conditions. In order to be diagnosed with ADHD, the sufferer must have difficulty focusing on tasks. However, it is important to keep in mind that this can be a common problem for all kinds of people, many of which may not have ADHD. Sufferers typically cannot concentrate on tasks such as assignments or household responsibilities and postpone them continuously as a result, or exhibit maladaptive behavior. For children with ADHD, tantrums and outbursts of anger are common.

Other hallmark traits of ADHD include poor decision making, difficulty making eye contact, and trouble following directions. Many people suffering with ADHD may appear to not be listening during a conversation and may also misplace or lose belongings frequently. This inability to focus and manage daily tasks can present severe consequences, especially for adults with ADHD.


The most common form of treatment available for ADHD is medication. Diet and exercise levels can impact the symptoms of ADHD, which is why it is important for sufferers to maintain well balanced eating habits and an active lifestyle.

ADHD is a difficult condition to live with, but help is available. If you think that you or a loved one may be suffering with this condition, you should seek help from a reputable psychiatrist to obtain a diagnosis.

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