Understanding the Causes and Treatments for Depression
Depression is looked upon as being a biological process and a psychological process. Brought on by stress, the depression can develop into a major stage. During the major stage of depression, stress is no longer a factor. Temperament and a person’s genetics substitute for stress during advanced stages of stress.
It’s normal for any person to feel depressed. However, when these feelings of distress begin to disrupt a person’s normal life cycle, there’s cause for concern. Normal bouts of depression should last no longer than several days. More serious bouts of depression may last for weeks, and even then, may only be considered to be a mild form of depression. The most serious stages of depression are unipolar, bipolar, and manic-depressive.
Typical Therapy Treatments
Treatment for depression falls into two categories: psychological and medical. Interpersonal, cognitive behavioral and psychoanalytical treatments fall under the umbrella of psychological therapy. Hospitalization and the ministering of antidepressant medications fall under the category of medical therapy.
Types of Therapy Include:
- Interpersonal Therapy – Gaining popularity in the medical community, interpersonal therapy, (IPT) treats major depression and works to correct social dysfunctions that are present in the patient. The treatment may last for up to 16 weekends and focuses on correcting psychological problems that hinder and affect social relationships.
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy – This is a major treatment for depression that addresses a person’s pessimistic attitude, self-criticism, and rejection. Those suffering from this type of depression often seek to isolate themselves from others, which only creates a greater feeling of depression.
- Psychoanalytical Oriented Therapy – This treatment is used with therapy tends to be long and expensive. It’s a process that digs deep into a person’s thought processes. The goal of this treatment is to get to the very root of the problems that cause a person’s depression.
- Hospitalization – When a person’s depression becomes life-threatening, as in committing suicide or harming someone else, hospitalization can be a critical treatment. At this stage, it can be difficult for the person to handle the basic necessities of life, like food, clothing and shelter.
Recovery from depression is treatable if properly diagnosed and treated. Symptoms that cause the depression are removed, and the person can get back on track to start living a normal life. Proper treatment benefits the patient, family members, and work relationships.